PMDD is short for ‘premenstrual dysphoric disorder’ and is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (otherwise known as PMS). It is an often misunderstood condition however much like PMS, PMDD follows a predictable, cyclical pattern in tune with your hormones. Symptoms begin in the second half of the menstrual cycle (after ovulation) and end shortly after menstruation begins.

The Difference Between PMDD and PMS

Whilst PMS is largely defined by physical issues, PMDD is diagnosed by its severe mental health implications. Those who suffer from PMDD can become very distressed and the emotional symptoms can be extreme and volatile. With these fluctuations, mood swings may change from one day to the next, and this can lead to severe anxiety to the person suffering as well as their family, friends or colleagues, disrupting interpersonal relationships and leading to major distress.

What Are The Symptoms of PMDD?

As well as the severe mood swings associated with PMDD symptoms can include:
Feelings of sadness or despair, or even thoughts of suicide
Feelings of tension or anxiety
Panic attacks
Mood swings or frequent crying
Lasting irritability or anger that affects other people
Lack of interest in daily activities and relationships
Trouble thinking or focusing
Tiredness or low energy
Food cravings or binge eating
Trouble sleeping
Feeling out of control
Physical symptoms such as bloating, breast tenderness, headaches and joint or muscle pain.